English as a Global Language?

English as a Global Language?

Inevitably, global language is associated to the globalisation, which is one of the factors and symbol for the themes that English language has become the dominate language in the world today. Through media you can see and hear a President, Politician, Celebrity, Musician from over the world represent English as the primary language. Wherever you go, there are many English signs and advertisement. In every hotel or restaurant in foreign city, they could understand English and there will be a menu in English.

1.Why English?

There is kind of statement that seem obvious the spread of English. English is a global language, so they say.

But is it English is the language that everyone in the world speaks? This is surely not true. Is it every country recognizes English as their official language? This is not true as well. So what does it mean to say that a language is a global language? English seems cited to this connection. Once language becomes a global language, will it be last forever?

Those are the fascinating question that can be explored. As I have explained in my previous article that English is not the only language that has become a global language through the course of history.

In fact, the idea of a ‘global language’ is older than English.

The spread of English around the world could raise bumpy feelings. For example, if you are native speaker, you may feel pride, while also shaded with concern, when you realize that people in other countries may not use the language in the same way as you do.

On the other hand, if your English is your second language, you may have mixed feelings of about it, such as losing your own mother-tongue, even deeper in losing your identity. Consequently, the extinction of your own language and the loss of uniqueness cultural identities are inevitable.

  1. Is English a global language?

Today, the closest illustration in this case is English, which has special status in over seventy countries in the world. This fact is beyond the status achieved by any other languages, such as French, German, Spanish, Russian and Arabic that are among those that also have develop a considerable use.

Many would reasonably claim that, in the field of business, academics, science, computing, education, transportation, politics, and entertainment. English is already established as de facto ‘lingua franca’.

Historically, political supremacy and the desire for commercial, cultural and technological contact are the reasons for choosing particular language as a favored of foreign language.

In several centuries back, English had become the world’s leading industrial and trading. Their economy was the most productive and a fastest growing in the world. The British political imperialism had sent English around the world.

Furthermore, during the course of twentieth century the world presence was maintained and promoted almost single hand through economic and cultural supremacy in arts, film and television; business and finance, computing, information, technology and internet of the new American superpower. Therefore, economic replaced political as the chief driving force, and the language behind the US dollar is English and that continues to maintain until today.

Moreover, many great books, science, research, information, knowledge, tapes, computers, telecommunication system are all preserved in English.

The question is that, is everyone having access to English language and being able to learn it through the media, libraries, schools and education institution? Of course not all countries could have access to it.

Then, how about people who do not have access to learn English?

  1. Critical Age

It is still ambiguous that English emerge as a global language; however the spreading of English is truly remarkable. However, there still some way to go for English language becomes a universal reality. It has still a very limited presence in certain parts of the world. Many countries tend to preserved their cultural identity, and devoted the role of their language (e.g French, Arabic, Spanish etc). Notwithstanding, the general world trend, there are many linguistic confrontations still needs to be resolved.

  1. What about the future?

Although English currently appears to be in an unquestionable position today, the question is still remains. Will it be last?

In the middle ages, Latin seemed forever sets as the language of education and culture, as did French in eighteenth century. But circumstances change and there are several factors which might precipitate such change once again.

The USA, with its dominance in economic, technical and cultural terms, is the driving force behind English in the world today. However, if USA were losing its position of economic and technical domination; the language may well shift to the dominant power.

Currently, perhaps China is one of the possible candidates in terms of its economic domination, but it is not difficult to imagine circumstances in which it could happen.

instead, Arabic may be once again flourish in terms of its religion domination, and cultural tradition and the fact as the liturgical language of Al-Quran.

Or perhaps any other languages, that depends on who holds the power, influence and dominate the world.

Whether or not a global language is necessary in order to pursue order, peace and unity, and to make world a better place; language is one of the mediums on human connection, and so we must realize from the fact that human connection are deeper than words. Language is not the only thing that holds people together and connecting people from any other parts of the world. But language is one of the ways in achieving those connections and to make sense the world we live in. Therefore, the first revelation is to read.

 

 

The Three Apples

The Three Apples

The notion of apple to be a forbidden fruit has been a source of debate throughout the age. Questionably, apple has changed the world, although this claim may still not accurate. The story is explained and evolved from the initial existence of mankind began on earth and relationship to God. Then a fruit that become an influence of a great scientific theory, until become a telecommunication brand that change the way people communicate. Therefore, the dispute of its verity is remarkably obligatory to be discussed and clarified.

  1. Adam and Eve

adam and eve
The story of Adam and Eve is one of the most well-known story told in various Holy Scriptures; mainly in The Al-Quran, The Bible and The Torah. Although some important main beliefs are diverge.

But did Adam and Eve really eat an apple from the forbidden tree? And why human thought it was an apple?

It is impossible to say it was an apple. None of those Holy Scriptures explicitly says that it was an apple. There is also no confirmation of what particular tree it was. The story is loaded with symbolic representation that we could have been misinterpreted.

However, the most plausible explanation of this confusion is that the apple idea may be due to the similarity of the two words in the Latin translation of the Bible. The word evil on the tree’s name in Latin is mali (Genesis 2:17), and the word apple in other places is mala (Proverbs 25:11) or malum (Song of Salomon 2:3).

After all, the story did give an essential lesson for mankind. It demonstrated human free will and depicted Satan is the real enemy to mankind. If God only gave them the good path choice means that would not be a choice at all.

2. Sir Isaac Newton

Isaac Newton

Sir Isaac Newton describes the theory of gravitation, the three laws of motion and the field of optics

Sir Isaac Newton is considered as one of the most influential scientist we ever know today.

We are also familiar with his anecdote in the history of science in the past 250 years, while complete with embellishments and twists of historical facts.

But what evidence is there that Newton was really inspired by a falling apple? Unfortunately, he never mentioned the apple in any of his own journals and notebooks, and there is no explicit evidence to suggest that the apple hit him on the head.

One of the most notable revelations and strongest evidence for Newton’s apple come from William Stukeley, published in 1752, a quarter centuries after Newton’s death, who published Memoirs of Sir Isaac Newton’s life.

“Newton cleverly honed this anecdote over time…The story was certainly true, but let’s says it got better with the telling. The story of the apple fitted with the idea of an Earth-shaped object being attracted to the Earth. It also had a resonance with the Biblical account of the tree of knowledge, and Newton was known to have extreme religious views”. Mr Keith Moore.

Therefore, the Newton apple’s story may be just  a myth and he used it as an example to explain his theory. Arguably, many of his invention had great influence of the works of Ibn al-Haytham (Alhazen). Perhaps, we would never know the full truth behind Newton’s apple. After all, Newton went on to develop his theory of gravity in the end.

3. Steve Jobs

Steve Jobs, a visionary behind the success of Apple Macintosh. These inventions changed the way we communicate and how we access information.

But why did he choose an apple as the logo?

Arguably, the main reason for its design and product are its simplicity, beauty, appealing design, and great performance in mind. Steve jobs think differently, and he thinks to change the world through technology.

What was the story behind it? Is there any connection with the forbidden tree?

 

First apple logo, designed by Ronald Wayne in 1976
First apple logo, designed by Ronald Wayne in 1976

Its featured depicts Newton is sitting under an apple tree; Inspired by a quotation by William Wordsworth that was also engraved into the logo that said: “Newton…A mind forever voyaging through strange seas of thought…Alone”

And other theories mention the connection to the idea of Adam and Eve story of the forbidden tree. Surely, Steve Jobs may have well-aware on this idea.

The rainbow apple, the second logo designed by Robert Janoff.
The rainbow apple, the second logo designed by Robert Janoff.

The second logo of Apple, designed by Robert Janoff

The logo was arguably tribute to Alan Turning, considered by many to be the father of the modern computer. A brilliant and closeted mathematician who killed himself by biting into an apple he’d laced with cyanide.

“One of the deep mysteries to me is our logo, the symbol of lust and knowledge, bitten into, all crossed with the colors of the rainbow in the wrong order. You couldn’t dream of a more appropriate logo: lust, knowledge, hope and anarchy”.

Steve Jobs returned to Apple in 1997, then he replaced the multicolored logo with a more modern monochromatic look. However, he did not change the shape from its original. As a result, Apple’s logo becomes one of the most recognizable logos in the world today.

Apple logo from 1976 until present
Apple logo from 1976 until present